Kerta Gosa is Bali’s Sistine Chapel, located in Klungkung regency, in the heart of Semarapura town.
It’s name is taken away from a Sanskrit namely Kertha which is meaning Peaceful and Gosa from the Gosita word mean announcement. Thereby, the word’s meaning of Kertha Gosa is a building of a kind Jurisdiction in form of Bale for the king who announces the legislation, jurisdiction, penalization etc.
Kerta Gosa is a building (Bale Kerta Gosa) that made at 1686 by the first king of Klungkung, I Dewa Agung Jambe. During Dutch colonization (1908-1942), Kertha Gosa remains to be wearied as a justice place for lawbreaker, especially criminal. Along with colonial governance, the punish system in Indonesia has changed from system of death duties Majapahit (traditional) become the continental punish system which is brought by Dutch.
Kerta Gosa consist of two major Buildings (Bale), whis is Bale Kerta Gosa and Bale Kambang. Named Kambang (kambang=float), because this building surrounded by a pool whis is Taman Gili.
On the roof we can see many of Kamasan Traditional Painting, Kamasan is one of Village in Klungkung Regency. At the beginning, all of the Painting that surround the building, made from Cotton and parba (Klungkung Traditional Cotton), since 1930 the cotton changed with Etermit, and restorated depend of the original artwork and we able to see it until now.
The function of Bale Kambang and Kerta Gosa commonly used for Yadnya Ceremony for all of kingdom family. Other function is for education, that sees from wayang painting the building, because lot of the painting tells the story about Swargarohana Parwa and Bhisma Parwa that tell us about good and bad activity in our life and also reincarnation because of our activity at our past life. There are six rows of painting in there. Besides than Kerta Gosa, wayang painting also able to see in Bale Kambang, west of Kerta Gosa building. In this building the painting tell us about Story of Ramayana and Sutasoma. At 1930 held a restoration with all of the painting in Kertagosa, and the final restoration held in 1960.
There is also a museum, which is called Semarajaya located on the right external of Kori Agung yard. This Museum is set in a building that was Dutch high school and its physical form is solidarity from Dutch style era architecture with the Balinese traditional architecture. In this museum we can see the ancient object, history object inclusive photos of documentation from Klungkung King Family and clan.
Be pleased to visit this place. For museum lover, this is one will be your favorite.